Making waves in the opening Supreme Court arguments is Justice Jackson.

WASHINGTON The first Black woman to serve on the Supreme Court gave a history lesson on the contentious topic of race in the US as the court on Tuesday considered a conservative bid to alter the historic Voting Rights Act, passed in 1965 to safeguard minority voters.

In just her second day on the bench, Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson lectured about the Constitution’s 14th Amendment, highlighting how its purpose was to make up for historical wrongs done to Black people in the years following the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. In a courtroom where just three Black justices have ever sat, it was a significant moment.

Jackson explained that “the entire aim of the amendment was to secure rights of the liberated former slaves,” which is the history that lurks in the shadows of the controversy over the makeup of Alabama’s congressional districts. She questioned how the state could be forbidden from taking race into account when determining whether to establish more districts with a majority of Black people.

Jackson played an active part in the early years of the high court, as seen by her involvement during an oral debate on Alabama’s defense of a voting map that a lower court claimed was biased against Black voters.

Although the last three justices appointed before Jackson, conservatives Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett all asked questions in their first oral arguments, new justices occasionally take a back seat in their first few cases as they adjust.

NBC News quoted noted civil rights attorney Sherrilyn Ifill as saying, “I’m thrilled to see that Justice Jackson is showing no reluctance about entering the conflict.” She speaks in a cheerful and respectful manner, yet she is also firm, unyielding, and demanding. In the more than 30 years that I have been observing courts, this was the most stunning judicial debut I have witnessed.

In the first case of the court’s new term, which examined the extent of federal authority over wetlands, Jackson weighed in without delay on Monday. After about 10 minutes of the discussion that lasted almost two hours, she was the fourth justice to speak.

At one point, when quizzing a lawyer about obscure terminology in the Clean Water Act, she said, “Let me attempt to bring some enlightenment to it.”

According to Adam Feldman, who records court statistics at the website Empirical SCOTUS, Jackson was the third-most outspoken justice in the wetlands issue, and she talked more than any of the nine justices during the second debate on Monday.

Jackson was polite to the attorneys on both days, but she followed up often when she didn’t like their answers.
“Excuse me, could you just help?” On Tuesday, she interrupted Alabama’s attorney and said.

She seemed to follow the same line of inquiry as fellow liberal justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor in the voting rights issue, which the court will decide on before the end of June. Sotomayor, the first Latina on the court, has frequently been the justice who has spoken most forcefully about how decisions might affect minorities’ daily life in previous high-profile cases on race.

With decisions on contentious subjects frequently exposing ideological splits on the court, where there is a 6-3 conservative majority, Supreme Court debates may be raucous spectacles. Due of this, lawyers have frequently referred to it as a “hot bench.”

Jackson has already demonstrated her readiness to pose challenging questions, according to Franita Tolson, an expert on election law at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law.

Tolson stated, “Even though she will probably be on the losing side of a 6-3 or 5-4 decision, I think she will be an important voice in the courts liberal block because she realizes the necessity of setting the record straight.

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